Working in Denmark
Here you can find a lot of information about working in Denmark, Danish taxes, pensions, health care and social security.
Social insurance if you work in Denmark
Being affiliated with the social insurance system of a country means that you are eligible for benefits such as parental allowance, sickness benefit and other benefits in that country. If you work full-time in Denmark and live in Sweden, you follow the general rule that you are affiliated with the system in Denmark, the country in which you work.
Social security when working in both Denmark and Sweden
A person is only entitled to social security in one country. According to the general rule, this is in the country where you physically perform your work. If you have a job in both Denmark and Sweden at the same time, your social security affiliation depends on how much you work in each respective country.
Danish income tax - a short introduction
You pay tax in Denmark if you work there, regardless of whether you live in Denmark or Sweden. Taxation of your salary is done in the country where you actually perform your work, and not where the employer is situated, whereas other income will be taxed in the country you live in. Danish income tax consists of AM-bidrag, municipal tax, health system contribution (sundhedsbidrag), and state tax.
Deductions - taxation under the cross-border rule
If 75% of your total income (calculated according to special rules) comes from Denmark in one income year, you can decide to be taxed according to the cross-border rule. The way that you are taxed affects which deductions you have the right to declare on your Danish declaration.
An introduction to Danish trade unions
If you work in Denmark, you can become a member of a Danish trade union. Danish trade unions are divided into the so-called “yellow” trade unions, which are not part of a central organization, and traditional trade unions. It is important to remember that a Swedish trade union cannot help you with your work conditions in Denmark.
Member of a Danish a-kasse - if you work in Denmark
If you live in Sweden and start working in Denmark, and want to be unemployment insured, you should become a member of an a-kasse (unemployment insurance fund) in Denmark. It is important that you sign up for a Danish a-kasse on your first working day.
A short introduction to the Danish a-kasse (unemployment insurance funds)
A-kasser (unemployment insurance funds) administer unemployment benefits in Denmark and offer a range of services to their members. In the following, there is a brief introduction to the topic to different Danish a-kasse organisations.
Pension payment when working in Denmark
You apply for your pension in the country of your residence, for both the pension earned in Denmark and Sweden. The exception is if you have only worked in one of the countries. In that case, you must apply for your pension in the country where you received your income.
Open a Danish bank account – when working in Denmark
When you start working in Denmark, you should open a Danish bank account in order to be paid, as your Danish employer usually cannot pay your salary into a Swedish account. Do it as soon as possible so you can get your salary. It is important that your bank account is a NemKonto.
Child care when you work in Denmark
There are no rules in Denmark that match the Swedish rules about care for a sick child (VAB). This means that you are not always entitled to paid leave to look after a sick child. Many employment contracts nevertheless allow employees to stay at home one or two days with a sick child while receiving full pay.
If you get sick in Denmark
In an emergency – call 112. Otherwise you must contact the emergency medical service (“lægevagten”) before going to the hospital. There is no equivalent to the Swedish health centre (“vårdcentral”) – instead you must choose your own doctor (“egen læge”) who is the one you always contact in connection with less serious illness.