Social insurance if you work in Denmark
What is social insurance?
Social insurance in Sweden gives you the right to receive benefits including the following:
- sickness benefit
- child benefit
- parental allowance
- general pension
- disability allowance
If you live and work in Sweden, you are automatically affiliated to the Swedish social insurance system. If you choose to start working in Denmark, or move there, it can affect your Swedish social insurance.
Social insurance when working in Denmark
If you start working in Denmark, in most cases you should also be affiliated with the social insurance system there. You should then notify Försäkringskassan (the Swedish Social Security Agency) that you are working in Denmark.
As a commuter between the two countries, you can choose whether you want to use the health services in Denmark or in Sweden. There is no Danish authority that corresponds to the Swedish Försäkringskassan. Instead your employer, the municipality and Udbetaling Danmark manage your social insurance benefits.
Working in both Denmark and Sweden has consequences for your social insurance.
If you stop working in Denmark - what happens with your social insurance?
Remember that if you resign from or lose your Danish job, your social insurance goes back to Sweden again.
When you apply for a benefit Försäkringskassan will assess whether you are insured in Sweden before they pay you the benefit, so you don’t have to contact Försäkringskassan unless you are applying for a benefit or if you have children under 16. If you have had child benefit from Denmark, you should notify Udbetaling Danmark as well.
Check where you are affiliated
Where you are affiliated can be of great importance for your private finances, so it is important to check which rules apply in your case. If you would like to know where you are affiliated, please contact Försäkringskassan in Sweden in the first instance.
For questions regarding social insurance, please contact the Danish municipality where your place of work is located. For questions regarding child benefit or parental allowance, please contact Udbetaling Danmark - Familieydelser. For questions regarding unemployment insurance, please contact a Danish a-kasse.
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Social security when working in both Denmark and Sweden
A person is only entitled to social security in one country. According to the general rule, this is in the country where you physically perform your work. If you have a job in both Denmark and Sweden at the same time, your social security affiliation depends on how much you work in each respective country.