Social security if you work in Denmark
What is social security?
Social security in Sweden gives you the right to receive benefits including the following:
- sickness benefit
- child benefit
- parental allowance
- general pension
- disability allowance
If you live and work in Sweden, you are automatically affiliated to the Swedish social security system. If you choose to start working in Denmark, or move there, it can affect your social security.
Social security when working in Denmark
If you begin working in Denmark, in most cases you should also be affiliated with the social security system there. You should then notify Försäkringskassan (the Swedish Social Security Agency) that you are not going to be affiliated with the Swedish social security system any longer.
As a commuter between the two countries, you can choose whether you want to use the health services in Denmark or in Sweden. There is no Danish authority that corresponds to the Swedish Försäkringskassan. Instead your employer, the municipality and Udbetaling Danmark manage your social security benefits.
Working in both Denmark and Sweden has consequences for your social security.
If you stop working in Denmark - what happens with your social security?
Remember that if you resign from or lose your Danish job, your social security goes back to Sweden again. You should then notify Försäkringskassan and register again. If you have had child benefit from Denmark, you should notify Udbetaling Danmark as well.
Subsequently, Swedish rules will also apply regarding unemployment benefit. You should therefore register at Arbetsförmedlingen (the Swedish Public Employment Agency) on your first day of unemployment, and if you are a member of a Danish a-kasse (unemployment insurance fund), you must also re-register for the Swedish a-kassa.
Check where you are affiliated
Where you are affiliated can be of great importance for your private finances, so it is important to check which rules apply in your case. If you would like to know where you are affiliated, please contact Försäkringskassan in Sweden in the first instance.
If you have any questions about Danish social security, please contact the municipality or authority that deals with the matter. For questions regarding social insurance, please contact the Danish municipality where your place of work is located. For questions regarding child benefit or parental allowance, please contact Udbetaling Danmark. For questions regarding unemployment insurance, please contact a Danish a-kasse.
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Social security when working in both Denmark and Sweden
A person is only entitled to social security in one country. According to the general rule, this is in the country where you physically perform your work. If you have a job in both Denmark and Sweden at the same time, your social security affiliation depends on how much you work in each respective country.