How does Coronavirus/covid-19 affect you?
The world is currently facing an outbreak of a new coronavirus. Sweden and Denmark are reporting an increasing number of cases of coronavirus/covid-19, and both countries have begun to introduce measures to stop the spread of the virus. In some cases, these measures and restrictions may differ between the countries. As commuters who move across national borders every day, it is important to stay updated with the current situation in both countries.
Closure of the Danish border due to coronavirus/covid-19
The Danish authorities has decided to introduce tightened border control.
Information for cross-border commuters
The deadline for the 2019 åropgørelse has been extended to the 1 September 2020 due to the coronavirus/covid-19. However, if you hand it in earlier, and you have paid too much tax, you will get that tax back earlier.
The Swedish government have proposed temporary changed in the unemployment insurance due to coronavirus/covid-19. This change is partially aimed at allowing more people to qualify for compensation due to unemployment. The temporary rules are in effect until 2021.
If you work and are socially insured in Denmark, the EU rule still applies and you should join an a-kassa in Denmark. If you become unemployed, the accrued membership time in Denmark will be transferred to Sweden when you apply for unemployment compensation in Sweden. You should therefore not wait to apply for membership in an a-kassa.
If you are not furloughed but actually laid off and become unemployed, you should register with Arbetsförmedlingen in Sweden on your first day as unemployed, as well as register with a Swedish a-kassa to be able to receive unemployment benefits.
The same rules apply if you work in Sweden and commute to a job in Denmark. This is because you have to be available in the Swedish labor market when you receive unemployment befit. If you have not been a member in a Swedish a-kassa, then you could get basic insurance if you meet the working conditions.
The Danish government is offering a financial aid package to companies having to temporarily furlough their employees due the coronavirus/covid-19 crisis.
If your Danish employer makes use of the Danish states’ salary compensation program, and you have received a written that you will continue to be employed, then you will receive full pay in the meantime. You must be at your employer’s disposal and be able to return to work when the employer finds it appropriate. Your contribution is that you give up 5 vacation days. Your employer will receive a large portion of the cost from the Danish state.
However, if your employment is terminated, then it is the usual EU regulations that apply.
If you are laid off without pay, but still retain your employment, contact your Danish a-kassa immediately to apply for a daily allowance (dagpenge). Ask to speak to someone who knows about EU regulations.
If you are not a member in a Danish a-kassa when you work in Denmark, then you cannot receive a daily allowance (dagpenge) from Denmark while you are furloughed.
Possibility to postpone payment of tax and employer contributions for Swedish workers due to coronavirus/covid-19
If you have a Danish employer and live and work in Sweden, you may in some cases have to pay your own tax and employer contribution to the Swedish Tax Agency. If there are special reasons, the Swedish Tax Agency may grant a deferral for the payment of tax and employer contribution. The consequences of the coronavirus are considerad a special reason.
The application should be made in writing on form SKV 4305 or in a free tax letter. The Swedish Tax Agency makes an overall assessment in each case. Deferement is normally granted for 1-2 months with the possibility of extension. Cost of interest will be calculated at 1.25% on an annual basis and calculated each day. The Swedish Tax Agency is currently looking at other types of cross-border situations where the consequences of coronavirus/covid-19 could be considered special reason.
We continue to update our website as soon as we get more information.
Forsäkringskassan and Udbetaling Danmark have agreed on exemptions from certain social insurance rules, such as in which country cross-border commuters should be insured and in what country the employer pays employer contributions. This means that cross border commuters should not be affected by the restrictions imposed by coronavirus/covid-19.
Information about the traffic between Sweden and Denmark
Following the Danish government's decision to partially close the border, Skånetrafiken have reduced the trafic over Öresund Bridge. From the 8th June, there will be three trains an hour to and from Denmark during the day. Border controls will be conducted at Copenhagen Airport. The train will continue from the airport to Copenhagen central after the passengers have gone through the border control.
If you are traveling from Copenhagen Airport further into Denmark, you are required to have a seat ticket. The ticket is free and can be acquired in the DSB app or in DSB vending machines.
SJ trains are not crossing the border to or from Denmark. If you hold a ticket for this route, you will receive information via text message with more information.
Ferry connections between Helsingør and Helsingborg
Stay updated on the ferry traffic over Øresund at forsea.dk
Stay updated regarding the air traffic to and from Copenhagen airport at cph.dk. Please be aware that surgical masks are required to be worn by all travellers at all Danish airports. This is also applicable for travellers who are changing from the metro to the Øresund train.
Stay updated on dsb.dk regarding train traffic over Öresund.
DSB has also announced that you can get a refund on your tickets to Sweden without charge if you do not wish to travel due to the coronavirus/covid-19. The refund also applies to commuter cards.
Danish government authorities
The Danish government have introduced a ban against arranging or participating in any activities where more than 100 people would gather. The ban applies both to indoor and outdoor activities and for both public and private gatherings. This does not apply in private homes, but it is encouraged that individuals limit gatherings at home as well. However, several exemptions have been made to the ban, for example, football matches are allowed to be held in front of an audience of 500 people.
The ban is expected to be lifted to 200 people on the 8th August.
Night clubs are still closed, but hairdressers, restaurants and sports facilities have opened again - with certain restrictions.
Airports, trainstations and public transport (trains, buses, planes, ferries) will not, as a rule, be included in the ban. Please be aware that surgical masks are required to be worn by all travellers at Danish airports.
The Danish borders are closed from the 14th of March 2020, at 12:00, which also means a partial closure of air, ferry and train transport. It is expected that the police and military will conduct the border controls.
The border control is in effect until the 31st August 2020. Danish citizens are always allowed into the country, as well as people with legitimate reason for entry.
The border regions: Skåne, Blekinge, Halland
People who are registered in Skåne, Blekinge and Halland can now travel to Denmark if they can present certain documentation at the border. What type of documentation that is required is dependent on the region being classified as open or banned.
Travel from another region in Sweden
From the 1st August 2020, Sweden is considered an open country. This means that travel into Denmark from all other regions is also permitted, as long as the traveller can document that they are staying at least 6 nights in the country.
Information about the Coronavirus (covid-19) can also be found on Sundhedsstyrelsens website. Here, you can find a list of phone numbers to doctors, rules for those that have been in a risk area, as well as a Q&A section where they answer questions on the spread of the virus, travel and quarantine and give advice to certain risk groups. This page is updated continuously.
Keep yourself updated with the latest travel advice from the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The page is continuously updated.
The Danish authorities have collected all information about the Coronavirus (covid-19) on one website. If you cannot find the information you are looking for there, you can phone 7020 0233.
On the website for Region Hovedstaden, there’s an online test that answers questions regarding transmission and illness. Only use 1-1-2 and 1813 in case you are acutely ill, so that people with serious illnesses can get through on the phone.
Universities in Denmark closed on the 13th March, and schools and day care centers closed the following Monday, the 16th March. Children whose parents perform vital functions in the public sector, children whose parents have not been sent home from work, or children with special needs are exempt from the closure. Education should move online but otherwise continue as normal.
From the 15th April, younger pupils have been allowed to attend school. From the 18th May, schools have been open for pupils in year 6-10.
From the 27th May, youth education programs such as high schools, EUD, HF and colleges have opened, alongside adult education programs such as AMU and language centers.
Universitites are expecte to open in the beginning of August.
Swedish government authorities
Sweden is following the EU's decision to partially close down its borders to minimize the spread of cornavirus/covid-19. The Swedish borders are not closed for citizens of the EU/EEA (and Switzerland) - which includes Nordic (Danish) citizens. Swedish citizens and individuals with residence permits in Sweden will be able to cross the Swedish border to get home.
The decision is in effect from Thursday 18th March 2020 and will stay in effect until the 31st August.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs previously adviced against all non-essential travel to Denmark. This advice was lifted on the 29th July 2020.
Information about the coronavirus (covid-19) can be found on the Swedish public health authority's webpage. Here, you can find information about the spread of the virus both in Sweden and globally, advice on how to protect yourself and others, and information for schools, pre schools and travelers. The page is updated continuously.
Krisinformation.se is a website that coordinates information from government agencies and other parties that might be involved in a crisis situation. Here, you will find information from the responsible government agencies about the virus, the spread and the mitigation strategies. It also includes links to other agencies. The website is updated continuously.
The government recommends that all high schools, universities, colleges or other institutions for higher education is closed from the 18th of March. All education should continue remotely. As long as the education is continued remotely, students will continue to get student support.
Preschools and elementary schools are not closed but could be recommended to close shortly. Individual schools can be closed by the principals in consultation with disease control specialists. The principals are also given the right to move teaching to the weekend, or under school holidays in case the school is closed.
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Danish borders closed due to coronavirus / covid-19
The Danish police is conducting border controlls at the Danish border. You can travel to Denmark if you can document that you have a worthy purpose or if you can document a six nights' stay. Easier restrictions are in place for the border regions Skåne, Blekinge and Halland. More information regarding what documentation that is required depending on your situation can be found below.