How does Coronavirus/covid-19 affect you?
The world is currently facing an outbreak of a new coronavirus. Sweden and Denmark are reporting an increasing number of cases of coronavirus/covid-19, and both countries have begun to introduce measures to stop the spread of the virus. In some cases, these measures and restrictions may differ between the countries. As commuters who move across national borders every day, it is important to stay updated with the current situation in both countries.
Information for cross-border commuters
The Swedish government have proposed temporary changed in the unemployment insurance due to coronavirus/covid-19. This change is partially aimed at allowing more people to qualify for compensation due to unemployment. The temporary rules are in effect until 2021.
If you work and are socially insured in Denmark, the EU rule still applies and you should join an a-kassa in Denmark. If you become unemployed, the accrued membership time in Denmark will be transferred to Sweden when you apply for unemployment compensation in Sweden. You should therefore not wait to apply for membership in an a-kassa.
If you are not furloughed but actually laid off and become unemployed, you should register with Arbetsförmedlingen in Sweden on your first day as unemployed, as well as register with a Swedish a-kassa to be able to receive unemployment benefits.
The same rules apply if you work in Sweden and commute to a job in Denmark. This is because you have to be available in the Swedish labor market when you receive unemployment befit. If you have not been a member in a Swedish a-kassa, then you could get basic insurance if you meet the working conditions.
The Danish government is offering a financial aid package to companies having to temporarily furlough their employees due the coronavirus/covid-19 crisis.
If your Danish employer makes use of the Danish states’ salary compensation program, and you have received a written that you will continue to be employed, then you will receive full pay in the meantime. You must be at your employer’s disposal and be able to return to work when the employer finds it appropriate. Your contribution is that you give up 5 vacation days. Your employer will receive a large portion of the cost from the Danish state.
However, if your employment is terminated, then it is the usual EU regulations that apply.
If you are laid off without pay, but still retain your employment, contact your Danish a-kassa immediately to apply for a daily allowance (dagpenge). Ask to speak to someone who knows about EU regulations.
If you are not a member in a Danish a-kassa when you work in Denmark, then you cannot receive a daily allowance (dagpenge) from Denmark while you are furloughed.
Possibility to postpone payment of tax and employer contributions for Swedish workers due to coronavirus/covid-19
If you have a Danish employer and live and work in Sweden, you may in some cases have to pay your own tax and employer contribution to the Swedish Tax Agency. If there are special reasons, the Swedish Tax Agency may grant a deferral for the payment of tax and employer contribution. The consequences of the coronavirus are considerad a special reason.
The application should be made in writing on form SKV 4305 or in a free tax letter. The Swedish Tax Agency makes an overall assessment in each case. Deferement is normally granted for 1-2 months with the possibility of extension. Cost of interest will be calculated at 1.25% on an annual basis and calculated each day. The Swedish Tax Agency is currently looking at other types of cross-border situations where the consequences of coronavirus/covid-19 could be considered special reason.
We continue to update our website as soon as we get more information.
Forsäkringskassan and Udbetaling Danmark have agreed on exemptions from certain social insurance rules, such as in which country cross-border commuters should be insured and in what country the employer pays employer contributions. This means that cross border commuters should not be affected by the restrictions imposed by coronavirus/covid-19.
The deadline for the 2019 åropgørelse has been extended to the 1 September 2020 due to the coronavirus/covid-19. However, if you hand it in earlier, and you have paid too much tax, you will get that tax back earlier.
Information about the traffic between Sweden and Denmark
|Face coverings are required to be worn by all passengers on all public transport from the 22nd August 2020.|
Following the Danish government's decision to partially close the border, Skånetrafiken have reduced the trafic over Öresund Bridge. From the 8th June, there will be three trains an hour to and from Denmark during the day. Border controls will be conducted at Copenhagen Airport. The train will continue from the airport to Copenhagen central after the passengers have gone through the border control.
DSB and Öresundstågen
If you are traveling from Copenhagen Airport further into Denmark, you might be required to reserve a seat.
Reserved seats are no longer required on Öresundstågen in Denmark from the 5th august 2020.
SJ have made some adjustments due to the restrictions.
Ferry connections between Helsingør and Helsingborg
Stay updated on the ferry traffic over Øresund at forsea.dk
Stay updated regarding the air traffic to and from Copenhagen airport at cph.dk. Please be aware that surgical masks are required to be worn by all travellers at all Danish airports.
Danish government authorities
The Danish government have introduced a ban against arranging or participating in any activities where more than 10 people would gather. The ban applies both to indoor and outdoor activities and for both public and private gatherings. This does not apply in private homes, but it is encouraged that individuals limit gatherings at home as well. However, several exemptions have been made to the ban, for example, football matches are allowed to be held in front of an audience of 500 people.
Please be aware that surgical masks are required to be worn by all travellers at Danish airports.
Face masks are also required to be worn by all passengers on public transport from the 22nd August.
From the 29'th of October, Face masks are also required in all retail stores including supermarkets and shopping malls, and to some extent at educational institutions.
Border controls are conducted on the border between Sweden and Denmark. From the 10th October, Sweden is no longer considered an open country, but is now categorized as banned. This means that each region in Sweden will be evaluated individually on the same basis as each country is evaluated. Depending on the categorization of your region, different rules will apply.
Cross-border commuters should not be affected as there are special rules in place for the border regions Skåne, Blekinge and Halland.
The border regions: Skåne, Blekinge, Halland
People who are registered in Skåne, Blekinge and Halland can travel to Denmark if they can present certain documentation at the border. What type of documentation that is required is dependent on the region being classified as open or banned.
Travel from another region in Sweden
From the 10th October 2020, each Swedish region is evaluated individually. If you do not live in a border region, and your region is listed as banned, then you are only allowed entry into Denmark if you have a "worthy purpose".
Information about the Coronavirus (covid-19) can also be found on Sundhedsstyrelsens website. Here, you can find a list of phone numbers to doctors, rules for those that have been in a risk area, as well as a Q&A section where they answer questions on the spread of the virus, travel and quarantine and give advice to certain risk groups. This page is updated continuously.
Keep yourself updated with the latest travel advice from the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The page is continuously updated.
The Danish authorities have collected all information about the Coronavirus (covid-19) on one website. If you cannot find the information you are looking for there, you can phone 7020 0233.
On the website for Region Hovedstaden, there’s an online test that answers questions regarding transmission and illness. Only use 1-1-2 and 1813 in case you are acutely ill, so that people with serious illnesses can get through on the phone.
Universities in Denmark closed on the 13th March, and schools and day care centers closed the following Monday, the 16th March. Children whose parents perform vital functions in the public sector, children whose parents have not been sent home from work, or children with special needs are exempt from the closure. Education should move online but otherwise continue as normal.
From the 15th April, younger pupils have been allowed to attend school. From the 18th May, schools have been open for pupils in year 6-10.
From the 27th May, youth education programs such as high schools, EUD, HF and colleges have opened, alongside adult education programs such as AMU and language centers.
Universitites has partly been open since August, with new restrictions and online classes.
NOTICE: From the 29'th of October, face masks are required at all educational, cultural and leisure institutions. The law applies until the 2'th of January 2021, and is not applicaple when sitting down.
Swedish government authorities
Sweden is following the EU's decision to partially close down its borders to minimize the spread of cornavirus/covid-19. The Swedish borders are not closed for citizens of the EU/EEA (and Switzerland) - which includes Nordic (Danish) citizens. Swedish citizens and individuals with residence permits in Sweden will be able to cross the Swedish border to get home.
The decision is in effect from Thursday 18th March 2020 and will stay in effect until the 31st August.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs previously adviced against all non-essential travel to Denmark. This advice was lifted on the 29th July 2020.
Information about the coronavirus (covid-19) can be found on the Swedish public health authority's webpage. Here, you can find information about the spread of the virus both in Sweden and globally, advice on how to protect yourself and others, and information for schools, pre schools and travelers. The page is updated continuously.
Krisinformation.se is a website that coordinates information from government agencies and other parties that might be involved in a crisis situation. Here, you will find information from the responsible government agencies about the virus, the spread and the mitigation strategies. It also includes links to other agencies. The website is updated continuously.
The government recommends that all high schools, universities, colleges or other institutions for higher education is closed from the 18th of March. All education should continue remotely. As long as the education is continued remotely, students will continue to get student support.
Preschools and elementary schools are not closed but could be recommended to close shortly. Individual schools can be closed by the principals in consultation with disease control specialists. The principals are also given the right to move teaching to the weekend, or under school holidays in case the school is closed.
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Danish travel restrictions due to coronavirus/covid-19
The Danish police is conducting random border controls at the Danish border. For motor traffic, this happens on Pepparholm and for train traffic at Copenhagen airport station. Read more about what documentation you need to cross the border here.