BREXIT: British cross-border commuters in the Öresund region
The UK left the EU on the 31st January 2020 and have since then undergone a transition period. The transition period ends on the 31st December 2020. The Withdrawal Agreement between the UK and the remaining EU countries dictates that British citizens who are cross-border commuters in other countries can keep their residence status under certain circumstances. From 2021, an application with new documentation will be required.
Individuals who live in Sweden and work in another country are not considered to be cross-border workers (gränsarbetare) according to Migrationsverket but are considered residents in Sweden. In this case, you can retain your previous right to reside in Sweden through work or through sufficient means. If you want to preserve the right to live in Sweden and work in Denmark, please remember to apply for residence status before the end of the application period (30th September 2021).
Please note that if you live in Sweden and work in Denmark, you might be considered a frontier worker (grænsearbejder) in Denmark and might need to apply for supporting documentation from Styrelsen for International Rekruttering (SIRI) before the 31st December 2021. More information to follow as it gets published.
As a British citizen, you need to apply for residence status in the country that you live in. As a cross-border worker living in Denmark, you cannot get residence status in Sweden, as that is not your country of residence. You need to apply for residence status in Denmark through the Danish authorities. The application can be submitted between the 1st January 2021 to the 31st December 2021.
You should also apply for documentation from the Swedish authorities that shows that you are a frontier worker according to the Withdrawal Agreement. There is no application deadline to apply for this documentation. The application portal opens on the 1st December 2020 on the Migrationsverket website. Please also provide the following documentation together with your application:
- Proof of your residence status in Denmark (or another EU country) – for example, Bopælsattest (Danish population register), transcript from Folkeregistret, housing contract or similar
Request a Bopælsattest at borger.dk
- Proof that you work or are self-employed in Sweden – same documentation as when you apply for residence status
- Proof that you were living in Denmark (or another EU country) and working in Sweden at the end of the transitions period (31 December 2020)
- Identification, such as a copy of your passport or national ID card
If your application is successful, you will receive a card that proves that you are a cross-border worker. The card is valid for 5 years and can be extended.
Work in Denmark and Sweden after the transition period
After the transition period ends on the 1st January 2021, British citizens who wish to move to Sweden or Denmark will have to apply for residence status and work permits in the same way as other non-EU workers.